Introduction to 2 Samuel
As First Samuel marks the failure of man in Eli, Saul, and even Samuel, so Second Samuel marks the restoration of order through the enthroning of God’s king, David. This book also records the establishment of Israel’s political centre in Jerusalem ( 2 Samuel 5:6-12 ), and her religious centre in Zion ( 2 Samuel 5:7 ; 6:1-17). When all was thus ordered, Jehovah established the great Davidic Covenant ( 2 Samuel 27:8-17 ) out of which all kingdom truth is henceforth developed. David, in his “last words” ( 2 Samuel 23:1-7 ), describes the millennial kingdom yet to be.
The book is in four parts:
- From the death of Saul to the anointing of David over Judah, in Hebron, 1:1-27.
- From the anointing in Hebron to the establishment of David over united Israel, 2:1-5:25.
- From the conquest of Jerusalem to the rebellion of Absalom, 6:1-14:33.
- From the rebellion of Absalom to the purchase of the temple-site, 15:1-24:25.
The events recorded in 2 Samuel cover a period of 38 years (Ussher).
- David is anointed king over Judah (2 Samuel 1:1-2:7)
- David becomes king over all Israel (2 Samuel 2:8-5:5)
- David brings the ark of God to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:6-6:23)
- God’s eternal covenant with David (2 Samuel 7:1-29)
- David’s righteous reign over Israel (2 Samuel 8:1-10:19)
- David’s sin and repentance (2 Samuel 11:1-12:31)
- David surrenders to the Lord’s discipline (2 Samuel 13:1-15:37)
- David learns God’s heart (2 Samuel 16:1-18:33)
- David returns to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 19:1-20:26)
- David praises the Lord (2 Samuel 21:1-22:51)
- David, a shepherd king (2 Samuel 23:1-39)
- David builds an alter to the Lord (2 Samuel 24:1-25)